Models of the Atomic Nucleus (2nd Edition, 2010)
“Models of the Atomic Nucleus” (MAN) is no longer available from the world’s largest science publisher, Springer Verlag (New York and Berlin, 1st edition, 2006, 2nd edition, 2010), but can be downloaded here, free-of-charge, until the 3rd Edition becomes available, probably in mid-2014.
For researchers interested in nuclear phenomena, MAN provides the larger context of nuclear structure theory that indicates how and why progress in the theory of the nucleus has come to a halt and why the empirical phenomena detected in the field of LENR have been dismissed as “junk science” by conventional nuclear theorists. The book is a detailed study of (i) the many theoretical anomalies that are an inherent part of so-called “modern” nuclear structure theory, and (ii) a discussion of the straight-forward unification of the models of nuclear theory within the framework of a lattice of nucleons.
The basic argument developed in MAN is that, despite tremendous progress in both experimental nuclear physics and nuclear applications over the past half-century, nuclear structure theory ossified in the 1950s once the nucleus had been successfully “tamed” by the first generation of nuclear engineers. While various nuclear technologies continue to be developed in the 21st century, new experimental findings (in LENR and elsewhere) and old experimental anomalies have made much of traditional nuclear theory outdated, at best, and often reveal current nuclear theory to be little more than complex “data fitting” using physically-uninterpretable parameters that are adjusted to “fit” (but not to explain) the experimental data.
The lattice model of nuclear structure (originally proposed by Eugene Wigner in 1937; Nobel Prize, 1963) is, in many respects, surprisingly “conventional”. It retains the fundamental liquid-drop character of the nucleus (due to the predominance of nearest-neighbor nucleon-nucleon interactions, etc.), but also incorporates the shell/subshell structure of the shell model (on a purely geometrical basis), as well as the alpha structure of the cluster models (due to the tetrahedral grouping of nucleons inherent to the lattice). It is, moreover, built upon the realistic, short-range nuclear force that has been explored experimentally in great detail over the past century. The lattice model is, however, fully “unconventional” in indicating that the many mutually-contradictory models of traditional nuclear structure theory are simply unnecessary – and can be reconstructed within the lattice.
The specifically LENR aspects of nuclear physics are discussed in only 15 pages of MAN, but the closed-minded ideology that has led conventional nuclear theorists to ignore LENR (and indeed many other empirical anomalies in empirical nuclear research) are spelled out in detail in many chapters (and are generally overlooked in the traditional nuclear textbooks). The new technology of LENR may yet require years of development to attain practicable systems, but the nuclear structure aspects of LENR are not as complex as conventional theorists would have us believe!
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